Champaign-Urbana Public Health District

Definition of a Risk Factor

What are Foodborne Illness Risk Factors and Public Health Interventions?

FDA inspection report

From the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) Model Food Code, epidemiological outbreak data repeatedly identify five major risk factors related to employee behaviors and preparation practices in retail and food service establishments as contributing to foodborne illness:

The FDA Model Food Code also establishes five key public health interventions to protect consumer health:

Together these ten items, along with some other interventions, are prominent on the FDA Model Food Code Food Establishment Inspection Report. The prominence is meant to emphasize the attentions and actions of food establishment operators and inspectors to focus on those items that are most commonly associated with foodborne illness. Maintaining these items in compliance every day should have the greatest impact on consumer health by reducing foodborne illness in our community.