201 W. Kenyon Rd. Champaign, IL 61820 map - 217-352-7961 - 24 hours every day HomeContact UsFAQA-Z IndexSearch
CHAMPAIGN URBANA PUBLIC HEALTH DISTRICT
Our mission:
To improve the health, safety and
well-being of the community through prevention, education, collaboration,
and regulation.
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Private Wells

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Construction or Renovations

In Illinois, private water wells must be constructed or renovated by an Illinois Department of Public Health-licensed well contractor. Before construction or modifications can take place, a private water well construction permit must be obtained. We issue these permits and conduct inspections of newly constructed and/or renovated private wells in Champaign County and within Champaign-Urbana. Contact us at (217) 363-3269 or (217) 373-7900 for more information.

Water Wells

Complete the private water well construction permit application and submit it along with a $200 fee (C-U or County). For a preliminary review, the application may be e-mailed to or faxed to (217) 373-7905, but final approval will not be given until we receive a signed application form, along with the fee. Our staff will process your application within 15 days.

Closed Loop Geothermal Wells

Complete the closed loop well system permit application and submit it along with the appropriate fee (C-U or County). For a preliminary review, the application may be e-mailed to or faxed to (217) 373-7905, but final approval will not be given until we receive a signed application form, along with the fee. Our staff will process your application within 15 days.

Finding a Contractor

To find a well contractor, please consult the yellow pages of your telephone book under "Well Drillers." You can look for contractors online at yellowpages.com.

Water Well Testing

Coliform Bacteria Testing

Our test kits are $20 each (within Champaign or Urbana city limits) or $49 each (elsewhere in Champaign County) and are available for purchase in the Environmental Health Division. The kit fee includes a sample bottle, instructions and lab testing for coliform bacteria. Testing for coliform bacteria will reveal whether your water supply may be contaminated with infectious organisms.

If you reside in a different county, please contact your local health department to inquire about well water testing.

Nitrate & Nitrite Testing

Nitrate and nitrite in groundwater may be produced by agricultural fertilizers, livestock waste or septic systems. For nitrate and/or nitrite testing, you must contact a private laboratory. Please see the list of accredited private laboratories.

Lead Testing

The Illinois State Water Survey provides testing for lead (the element, Pb) for any household (private well or municipal supply). Testing for lead usually applies to older homes, built before approximately 1986, where lead pipes or solder might be present. The Illinois State Water Survey will provide bottles and instructions, and the fee for testing is $25.00. Samples must be mailed in or dropped off at the Illinois State Water Survey in Champaign. Please call (217) 300-7420 for more information.

Arsenic Testing

Arsenic is a metal-like substance found in small amounts in nature. Elevated levels of arsenic can be found naturally in groundwater in some areas of Illinois. Arsenic in groundwater also may be the result of contamination caused by hazardous waste or industries that make or use arsenic. For arsenic testing, please see the EPA's list of accredited laboratories.

Arsenic in Groundwater
EPA: Arsenic in Drinking Water
Illinois State Water Survey

Other Testing

For other well water testing options, please see the EPA's list of Accredited Laboratories.

Information About Private Water Wells and Groundwater

Abandoned Wells - Hazards to Health and Safety
American Groundwater Trust
Bored Wells: Safe Water Supply Depends on Location and Construction
Closed Loop Geothermal Well Construction Report Form
Drilled Wells: A Safe Water Supply Depends on Location and Construction
Emergency Hauling, Storing and Disinfecting Water Supplies
Groundwater Foundation
Illinois Environmental Protection Agency: Water
Illinois State Geological Survey
Illinois State Water Survey
Illinois Water & Related Wells (ISGS)
Methane in Drinking Water
Other Contaminants in Drinking Water
United States Environmental Protection Agency: Water
Water Softening Equipment Service & Supplies
Water Well and Closed Loop Well Contractor Search
Water Wells: Abandoned / Sealing / Forms / Disinfection / General Information
Well Sampling for Coliform and Nitrate
Well Sealing Application
Why Does My Water Smell Like Rotten Eggs?
Your Water Well System: A System of Choice

Rules and Regulations

Champaign-Urbana: Ordinance Establishing a Potable Water Supply Program
Illinois Drinking Water Systems Code (77 Ill. Adm. Code 900)
Illinois Groundwater Protection Act. (415 ILCS 55)
Health Ordinance #969 of Champaign County, outside C-U (PDF)
Ordinance Establishing Fees Under the Health Ordinance of Champaign County
Illinois Plumbing Code (77 Ill. Adm. Code 890)
Illinois Water Well Construction Code (77 Ill. Adm. Code 920)
Illinois Water Well and Pump Installation Contractor's License Code (77 Ill. Adm. Code 915)
Illinois Water Well Construction Code (415 ILCS 30)
Illinois Water Well Pump Installation Code (77 Ill. Adm. Code 925)
Illinois Water Well Pump Installation Code (415 ILCS 35)
Water Well and Pump Installation Contractor's License Act (225 ILCS 345)

Environmental Health Division
Champaign-Urbana Public Health District ♦ Champaign County Public Health Department
201 W. Kenyon Road, Champaign, IL 61820
Phone: (217) 373-7900 or (217) 363-3269
Fax: (217) 373-7905