In Illinois, private water wells must be constructed or renovated by an Illinois Department of Public Health-licensed well contractor. Before construction or modifications can take place, a private water well construction permit must be obtained. We issue these permits and conduct inspections of newly constructed and/or renovated private wells in Champaign County and within Champaign-Urbana. Contact us at (217) 363-3269 or (217) 373-7900 for more information.
Complete the private water well construction permit application and submit it along with a $200 fee (C-U or County). For a preliminary review, the application may be e-mailed to or faxed to (217) 373-7905, but final approval will not be given until we receive a signed application form, along with the fee. Our staff will process your application within 15 days.
Complete the closed loop well system permit application and submit it along with the appropriate fee (C-U or County). For a preliminary review, the application may be e-mailed to or faxed to (217) 373-7905, but final approval will not be given until we receive a signed application form, along with the fee. Our staff will process your application within 15 days.
To find a well contractor, please consult the yellow pages of your telephone book under "Well Drillers." You can look for contractors online at yellowpages.com.
Our test kits are $20 each (within Champaign or Urbana city limits) or $49 each (elsewhere in Champaign County) and are available for purchase in the Environmental Health Division. The kit fee includes a sample bottle, instructions and lab testing for coliform bacteria. Testing for coliform bacteria will reveal whether your water supply may be contaminated with infectious organisms.
If you reside in a different county, please contact your local health department to inquire about well water testing.
Nitrate and nitrite in groundwater may be produced by agricultural fertilizers, livestock waste or septic systems. For nitrate and/or nitrite testing, you must contact a private laboratory. Please see the list of accredited private laboratories.
The Illinois State Water Survey provides testing for lead (the element, Pb) for any household (private well or municipal supply). Testing for lead usually applies to older homes, built before approximately 1986, where lead pipes or solder might be present. The Illinois State Water Survey will provide bottles and instructions, and the fee for testing is $25.00. Samples must be mailed in or dropped off at the Illinois State Water Survey in Champaign. Please call (217) 300-7420 for more information.
Arsenic is a metal-like substance found in small amounts in nature. Elevated levels of arsenic can be found naturally in groundwater in some areas of Illinois. Arsenic in groundwater also may be the result of contamination caused by hazardous waste or industries that make or use arsenic. For arsenic testing, please see the EPA's list of accredited laboratories.Arsenic in Groundwater
For other well water testing options, please see the EPA's list of Accredited Laboratories.