Champaign-Urbana Public Health District

The best way to prevent illness is to avoid being exposed to this virus

The Centers for Disease Control (CDC) recommends wearing cloth face coverings in public settings. These cloth coverings should not be surgical masks or N-95 respirators, as medical equipment must be reserved for healthcare use only.

Wash your hands often with soap and water for at least 20 seconds especially after you have been in a public place, or after blowing your nose, coughing, or sneezing. If soap and water are not readily available, use a hand sanitizer that contains at least 60% alcohol. Cover all surfaces of your hands and rub them together until they feel dry. Avoid touching your eyes, nose, and mouth with unwashed hands.

Avoid close contact

Avoid close contact with people who are sick. The CDC recommends keeping a six foot space between you and others.

Take steps to protect others

  • Stay home if you’re sick
  • Cover coughs and sneezes. Use the inside of your elbow or a tissue (wash hands immediately after).
  • Wear a facemask if you are sick. If you are sick you should wear a facemask when you are around other people. If you are not sick you do not need to wear a facemask, unless you are caring for someoone who is sick.
  • Clean and disinfect. Frequently touched surfaces including tables, doorknobs, light switches, countertops, handles, desks, phones, keyboards, toilets, faucets, and sinks.

To disinfect

Most common EPA-registered household disinfectants will work. Use disinfectants appropriate for the surface.

To make a bleach solution, mix 5 tablespoons (1/3rd cup) bleach per gallon of water OR 4 teaspoons bleach per quart of water. Follow manufacturer’s instructions for application and proper ventilation. Check to ensure the product is not past its expiration date. Never mix household bleach with ammonia or any other cleanser. Unexpired household bleach will be effective against coronaviruses when properly diluted.

Alcohol solutions. Ensure solution has at least 70% alcohol.

Other common EPA-registered household disinfectants. Products with EPA-approved emerging viral pathogens claims are expected to be effective against COVID-19 based on data for harder to kill viruses. Follow the manufacturer’s instructions for all cleaning and disinfection products (e.g., concentration, application method and contact time, etc.).