Champaign-Urbana Public Health District

COVID-19 Vaccination Information

Vaccine Clinic Information

COVID-19 Vaccine

COVID vaccine will be covered by Medicare, Medicaid and most private insurance, and the cost of the vaccine will be covered for people who are uninsured. Vaccine safety is a priority. All COVID-19 vaccines must go through a rigorous and multi-step testing and approval process before they can be used. They will only be approved if they pass safety and effectiveness standards. Vaccines will also be monitored for safety once they are given. Only licensed and trained health professionals can give vaccinations. A safe and effective COVID-19 vaccine is a critical component of the U.S. strategy to reduce COVID-19-related illnesses, hospitalizations, and deaths. For more info, see IDPH's COVID-19 Vaccine FAQs.

Different COVID-19 Vaccines

Second Dose

The second dose of Moderna Vaccine should be at least 28 days after your first dose and the second dose of Pfizer Vaccine should be at least 21 days after the first, but there is no maximum interval between both doses.

If you received your first dose at CUPHD and are overdue for your second dose, please call 217-531-4538 or email to schedule an appointment.

When You've Been Fully Vaccinated

    People are considered fully vaccinated:
  • 2 weeks after their second dose in a 2-dose series, such as the Pfizer or Moderna vaccines, or
  • 2 weeks after a single-dose vaccine, such as Johnson & Johnson's Janssen vaccine

If you don't meet these requirements, you are NOT fully vaccinated. Keep taking all precautions until you are fully vaccinated.

If you are fully vaccinated, you can start doing many things that you had stopped doing because of the pandemic. When choosing safer activities, consider how COVID-19 is spreading in our community, the number of people participating in the activity, and the location of the activity. Outdoor visits and activities are safer than indoor activities, and fully vaccinated people can participate in some indoor events safely, without much risk.

If you haven't been vaccinated yet, find a vaccine.

    If you've been fully vaccinated:
  • You can gather indoors with fully vaccinated people without wearing a mask or staying 6 feet apart.
  • You can gather indoors with unvaccinated people of any age from one other household (for example, visiting with relatives who all live together) without masks or staying 6 feet apart, unless any of those people or anyone they live with has an increased risk for severe illness from COVID-19.
  • You can gather or conduct activities outdoors without wearing a mask except in certain crowded settings and venues.
  • If you travel in the United States, you do not need to get tested before or after travel or self-quarantine after travel.
  • You need to pay close attention to the situation at your international destination before traveling outside the United States.
    • You do NOT need to get tested before leaving the United States unless your destination requires it.
    • You do NOT need to self-quarantine after arriving in the United States.
  • If you've been around someone who has COVID-19, you do not need to stay away from others or get tested unless you have symptoms.
    • However, if you live in a group setting (like a correctional or detention facility or group home) and are around someone who has COVID-19, you should still get tested, even if you don't have symptoms.

How COVID Vaccines Work

Facts About COVID-19 Vaccination

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    What are the most common side effects of the vaccine?
    • After getting vaccinated, you might have some side effects, which are normal signs that your body is building protection. Common side effects are pain, redness, and swelling in the arm where you received the shot, as well as tiredness, headache, muscle pain, chills, fever, and nausea throughout the rest of the body. These side effects could affect your ability to do daily activities, but they should go away in a few days.
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    Can I get vaccinated if I currently have covid-19?
    • No. People with COVID-19 who have symptoms should wait to be vaccinated until they have recovered from their illness and have met the criteria for discontinuing isolation. Those without symptoms need to wait until they have been released from isolation before getting vaccinated. This guidance also applies to people who get COVID-19 before getting their second dose of vaccine.
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    How long will the vaccine protect me from COVID-19? Will this be an annual vaccination, like the flu?
    • We are still learning about length of immunity. To determine how long protection lasts, follow-up studies are required to detect levels of both types of immune responses – antibody and T cell – as well as any repeated exposure risks. As more information becomes available, more information will be shared on the length of immunity.
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    Can I get more than one type of vaccine?
    • No. Current CDC guidance states that the Pfizer-BioNTech, Moderna, and Johnson & Johnson Janssen vaccines are not interchangeable. You should not get more than one type of coronavirus vaccine, and you should not mix the two-dose vaccines.
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    What is the difference among the Pfizer-BioNTech, Moderna and Johnson & Johnson vaccines?
    • The Moderna and Pfizer-BioNTech are mRNA vaccines that use tiny parts called messenger RNA (mRNA) carried in very tiny lipid particles. The Moderna and Pfizer-BioNTech vaccines differ in the way the mRNA is built or the way the lipids are used. The two vaccines are also stored in different ways, but each requires two doses.
    • The Johnson & Johnson vaccine is a vector vaccine, which places genetic material from the COVID-19 virus inside a weakened version of the adenovirus that cannot cause illness. Adenoviruses are very common viruses that usually cause colds. The Johnson & Johnson vaccine requires a single dose.
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    How much will this vaccine cost me? Is it covered by my insurance?
    • There is no cost for the vaccine. However, vaccination providers can charge an administration fee for giving the shot that is reimbursed by the patient's public or private insurance company or, for uninsured patients, by the Health Resources and Services Administration at the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. No one can be denied a vaccine if they are unable to pay a vaccine administration fee.
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    Which vaccines are approved for what ages?
    • The three Covid-19 vaccines that currently have Emergency Use Authorization (EUA) from the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) for use in different age groups. Both the Johnson & Johnson and Moderna vaccines are approved for those 18 and older. The Pfizer vaccine has been approved for those 12 and older.


Facts about COVID-19 Vaccines

Benefits of Getting a COVID-19 Vaccine

SARS-CoV-2/COVID-19 Mass Vaccination Planning Guide

FDA COVID-19 Vaccine Page

Coping with stress during a pandemic